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Presentation of Polish Cities

GDANSK


This port on the Bay of Gdansk with a thousand years of history and some fine monuments of architecture, forms a "Triple City" with Gdynia and Sopot.

GUIDED CITY TOUR

Długi Targ (The Long Market) is an extensive municipal market with a Renaissance Town hall which has extant mediaeval components. Next to it stands the bronze statue of Neptune, emblem of Gdansk, and the Dwór Artusa (Artus' Court). St. Mary's Cathedral, the highest church in Poland, towers above the Głowne Miasto (Main City). Through the Zielona Brama (Green Gate) we pass onto the embankment of the Motława River (Długie Pobrzeze), from where we can take a boat trip through the port to Westerplatte, where on 1st September 1939, the first shots of the Second World War were fired. A monument commemorates the defenders of Westerplatte. Two churches worth visiting in the Stare Miasto (Old City) are St. Catherine's (in the Gothic style, with a famous set of church bells), and St. Bridget's, which was closely connected with the clandestine activities of the Solidarity movement in the 1980's.

 

LOCAL EXCURSIONS :

1. THE HEL PENINSULA

Scenic boat trip to the Hel Peninsula: traditional fishing village, with historic fishermen's cottages and 15th-century Gothic church; exhibition of the ancient fishing trade in the Museum of Fishing.

2. OLIWA

health resort famous for its saline Suburb of Gdansk with Cistercian Basilica containing a famous church organ (constructed in 1791); the opportunity to hear an organ recital.

3. FROMBORK

Teutonic Knights' Castle Town where Copernicus held an important office from the King of Poland. Visit to the Gothic Cathedral and adjacent buildings, with the extant 14th century "Copernicus" Tower as a remnant of the defence walls. Copernicus Museum located in the 14th-century Bishop's Palace, with a planetarium next door.

4. SZTUTOWO

Village near the Bay of Gdansk. Site of Stutthof concentration camp set up here by the Nazis during the Second World War. Memorial Museum.

5. MALBORK

with Malbork Castle. Formerly the mighty residence of the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, whose power was crushed at the biggest single military engagement in Mediaeval Europe, the Battle of Grunwald (1410).


 

 
 
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