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Presentation of Polish Cities


There was already a Polish fortified borough here in the 11th century. In 1228 Duke Konrad of Mazovia gave the Land of Chelmno in fee to the Teutonic Knights, who erected a defensive castle here and obtained a municipal charter for the settlement. The town owes its fame to Nicolaus Copernicus, who was born here in 1473.


The Old Town has preserved its Gothic street arrangement (1233), and a rare concentration of mediaeval buildings. On the side of the Vistula River it has extant defense walls with gates and bastions, and the Krzywa Wieza (Crooked Tower), which has a substantial inclination from the vertical. Numerous granaries behind the walls; Town Hall in the market place (now accommodating the Regional Museum, whose other branches are situated in Copernicus' House and the Teutonic Knight's Castle at 3 Podzamcze street). The Copernicus Monument in front of the Town Hall. Gothic town houses line the market place, the north-western corner of which leads to the l3th-century Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary; while from the southern corner of the market place we reach St. John's Church (13th c.). A collection of folk, arts and crafts may be viewed in the Regional Museum, which is situated in a park with an interesting country Skansen museum. The famous traditional Torun gingerbread is manufactured in the district of Mokre.


1. The Brodnickie

Lake District.

2. Ciechocinek Spa

health resort famous for its saline mineral waters.

3. Golub-Dobrzyn

Teutonic Knights' Castle.
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