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Presentation of Polish Cities


Wroclaw's atmosphere and urban features have been shaped by three cultures, which were the ruling political power there in successive periods: the Polish, Czech and German. In the 11th century Wroclaw was the westernmost part of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1526 the region passed from the Jagiellonian Empire to the Habsburgs, under the Crown of Bohemia. In the early 18th century as an outcome of an Austro-Prussian war, Silesia was incorporated into Prussia. In 1945 the region was restored to the Polish State.


Medivial Town Hall We start from the historic market place (Rynek), with its Medievial Town Hall. Two 16th-century miniature houses, "Hansel and Gretel", crouch in front of the 14th -century Church of St. Elisabeth. Another church we visit is St. Mary Magdalene's, followed by the University with its viewing terrace, which is decorated with allegorical sculptures, and the splendid Baroque Aula Leopoldina. Next door is the early 18th-century building, which now houses the Ossolineum Library; and next to that is the Church and Convent of St. Clare. Crossing the bridge on the Odra River, we enter the Wyspa Piaskowa (Arena Island), with a magnificent Gothic Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The oldest part of town, now consisting almost entirely of ecclesiastical buildings is Ostrow Tumski (Cathedral Island). Wroclaw's most renowned museum collection is in the National Museum, which contains the Panorama Raclawicka, a gigantic painting on a 120 metre length of canvas in a cylindrical arrangement viewed from the inside and showing the battle scene at Raclawice, where on 4th April, 1794, the Polish Insurrectionist forces under Tadeusz Kosciuszko fought the Russians. The Panorama was painted by J. Styka and Wojciech Kossak on the centenary of the event and was originally exhibited at Lwow.
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